Amidst the explosive growth of the CBD and marijuana industries, a variety of products have been developed and put out into the marketplace for consumers. With a laundry list of oils, sprays, creams, edibles, dry flower, and many other products available it can make buying these goods very confusing and frustrating.
In this article, we are going to establish once and for all the differences between CBD oil and hemp oil. We will also touch on their respective benefits, how they are extracted, and why these health care products should be a staple in your daily life.
What is the Difference Between CBD Oil and Hemp Oil?
It is common among uneducated and inexperienced consumers to confuse hemp oil with CBD oil, as many assume that these two substances are essentially the same thing. However, hemp oil and CBD oil are two entirely different substances that come from different parts of the hemp plant. Hemp oil comes from the seeds of the hemp plant and is commonly referred to as hemp seed oil. Whereas, CBD oil comes from the stalk, leaves, and flower of the hemp plant. The seeds of the hemp plant contain a minuscule amount of CBD, therefore any hemp oil you purchase will have little to no amounts of CBD.
- CBD oil is extracted from the whole parts of the hemp flower like the stalk and the leaves where there are higher concentrations of CBD present
- It has a different nutritional profile and provides consumers with different health benefits
- Contains around 10-25% of CBD in volume
- CBD oil is known as a wellness boost (relief from pain, inflammation, insomnia, anxiety, depression and more)
- Used as a sleep aid to promote a more restful and higher quality sleep
- Used to increase wakefulness and alertness during the day
- Hemp oil is made from hemp seeds and contains less than 0.0001% of CBD in volume
- Hemp oil is known for its high nutritional value due to its healthy fats and mineral content
- Hemp oil has a nutrition label as it is seen mostly as a food product
- Mainly used to improve the health of the skin by fighting skin conditions
- It also has anti-aging properties like reducing fine lines and wrinkles and preventing other signs of aging
What are the Health Benefits of Hemp Oil?
Hemp seed oil is a very underrated supplement that can be used to vastly improve the health of an individual’s sleep, skin, and diet. A study published in the Journal of Dermatological Treatment examined ways in which hemp oil could benefit the skin after being ingested orally. Hemp oil was responsible for a reduction in skin dryness, itchiness, the appearance of wrinkles, and improving elasticity. It also promoted the healing of wounds, rashes, and irritating skin conditions like:
- varicose eczema
- lichen planus- an inflammatory skin condition
- acne rosacea
Furthermore, hemp oil is an excellent source of essential nutrients like protein, magnesium, vitamin E and polyunsaturated fats and essential fats like omega 3’s and omega 6’s. Consuming hemp seed oil daily will ensure that you get your recommended amount of magnesium which is vital to good health as magnesium is involved in over 300 different enzymatic reactions in the body. This will prevent you from developing a magnesium deficiency which corresponds with many diseases like insulin resistance, heart disease, osteoporosis, and more.
Consuming an optimal amount of essential fatty acids such as omega 3’s and omega 6’s has been linked to increased life span, reductions in the risk of heart disease, and improved mood. Hemp oil is a great alternative to getting more essential nutrients and fatty acids in your diet if you are unable or unwilling to eat nutrient-dense food like fish or eggs.
Make hemp oil part of your healthy diet
What are the Health Benefits of CBD Oil?
CBD’s main role in the body is to promote a healthy, balanced endocannabinoid system (ECS). Your ECS is one of the most important systems in the body for building and maintaining optimal health as it exists through all 11 of the body’s physiological systems. The ECS is often referred to as the “meta-system” of the body as it interacts with various systems while also governing them. Without having your ECS balancing and maintaining homeostasis within each system of your body you will never reach optimal health. This is where the importance of CBD oil comes in.
To make things a bit easier to understand, think of CBD as motor oil rather than fuel for your ECS. CBD doesn’t fuel the ECS but rather ensures that it is functioning smoothly much like motor oil to a car. Consuming high-quality CBD oil will result in a state of balanced well-being.
Gut/ Microbiome Benefits
The benefits of CBD oil don’t stop there. CBD also supports a healthy gut by having the ECS interact with your microbiome. CBD oil increases the body’s production of its very own endocannabinoids which play a pivotal role in regulating the gut bacteria present in your microbiome. A healthier gut barrier function will then play a critical role in sustaining a healthier metabolism and more efficient digestion. It’s like a ripple effect throughout your whole body.
Mental Health Benefits
The consumption of CBD oil has also been linked to a healthier, more optimistic mental state due to its interaction with the ECS and 5-HT1A (serotonin) receptors in the brain. CBD acts as an agonist or a substance that initiates a response when reacting with a receptor. The 5-HT1A receptor and serotonin are believed to modulate mood, appetite, sexual desire, memory, and social behavior. By stimulating these receptors and balancing your ECS, CBD holds promise in improving and supporting an optimal state of mental health by relieving the feelings of stress and worry that come about in our day to day lives.
A study conducted by the British Journal of Pharmacology states that CBD interacts and stimulates serotonin receptors in the brain which can lead to a night of healthier sleep. By activating CB1 receptors scientists were able to improve the stability of Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep and overall sleep quality. Compared to most sleep aids out on the market, CBD oil yields a healthy sleep cycle by promoting wakefulness and increased alertness during the day.
CBD oil or any infused CBD product does not make you feel tired or dizzy at all. Sleepiness and drowsiness do not apply to CBD products and are a side effect of THC rich cannabis substances and other sleep aides within the market so you can consume CBD before or during a stressful day at work without the worry of dozing off.
CBD oil interacts with our sleep cycles in a complex way that includes:
- mitigating stress
- prolonging essential NREM sleep cycles
- stabilizing sleeping patterns
How is CBD Oil Extracted?
Hemp plants are allowed to grow until maximum CBD levels are reached. Once these plants are mature they are manually harvested and transported to a processing facility. Hemp plants are then “bucked” (removal of the flower and leaves from the hemp stalk) and prepared for hemp harvesters.
Over 15,000 lbs can be harvested in an 8-hour shift. The buds are then separated from the biomass which is the organic material of the hemp plant that is left over after the flower is harvested and processed. Rejected biomass is chopped and prepared for transport while the accepted flower is sent to dry.
Hemp is dried in kilns until it reaches a 6% relative humidity. 25-35% of the total processed hemp is rejected biomass containing 0.1-0.3% CBD. Bulk bags are then filled with high CBD concentrated hemp at a rate of 2500 lbs per hour. This hemp is then sent off for oil extraction.
The most important factor in determining where you buy your CBD oil or other CBD infused products should be based on a companies farming, harvesting, extraction, and labeling process. The first thing you should check for when analyzing CBD companies’ products is to look for evidence that their CBD is:
- Third-Party Tested (every time)
- FDA Approved
- Organically Grown
- CDPHE Certified
- Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) Compliant
Let’s look at the incredibly organic, full-spectrum CBD company: Hempure
Farming and Extraction
Hempure’s farming practices are all non-GMO and organically grown and have FDA certified extraction centers. Their extraction method involves supercritical CO2 extraction. This extracts the CBD that is high in phytocannabinoids and terpenes while removing THC and chlorophyll.
Chromatography Technique and The Entourage Effect
Afterward, a special chromatography technique ensures that all THC is removed a second time around and that all terpenes and phytocannabinoids are still intact.
This is important because the body absorbs more CBD when taking in a combination with other cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes from the hemp plant. This is known as the entourage effect. Onsight chromatography and third-party lab testing ensure levels of phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and THC are as intended.
Lastly, all bottles are formulated at a Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) certified facility which is enforced by the FDA.
Your Take Away
Now, every CBD company will have slightly different methods of farming, harvesting, extracting, and manufacturing and that is fine. But, at the bare minimum you, as the consumer wants to make sure that the CBD oil you are buying has been farmed and harvested organically, extracted properly, and is being third-party tested every time.
How is Hemp Oil Extracted?
The extraction process for hemp oil is rather simple when compared to the numerous steps that CBD oil extraction requires.
The Cleaning Process
The first step into extracting oil from the hemp seeds is to have them thoroughly cleaned. This is necessary to remove all dirt, contamination, and other leaf matter that could contaminate the seeds. As you know, the seeds themselves contain no THC, so the only possible way the oil could have any levels of THC is if they have been contaminated by the outer leafy matter that contains the seed. The cleaning stage is vital in making sure the hemp seeds are not contaminated before being pressed.
The seeds are then loaded into various hoppers which empty into a series of cold press heads. These heads extract the oil by forcing the seeds into long chunks called hemp cake.
Getting the Right Temperature
The highest temperature that occurs during the pressing process is 40ºC at the press head. The oil is only exposed to these high temperatures for a couple of seconds before being cooled and expelled through the oil drain holes. When the oil enters the holding reservoir, it now reads a temperature of 20ºC.
Filtration and Nitrogen Gas
The fresh hemp seed oil then goes through a stainless steel cold-filter filtration process. The objective of this filter is to remove any suspended solids from the oil and produce high quality, food-grade hemp seed oil. Nitrogen gas is used throughout the whole pressing process to remove and displace any oxygen. The nitrogen gas is also used in the stainless steel storage reservoir to further remove any suspended oxygen molecules from the oil.